Update 3.3.2019

The article consists of 7 parts. But it cannot be divided into different articles. The fourth part is called “on the construction of morality”.
In moral psychology experiments interviewer normally asks whether participants think something is right or wrong and why they think that is the case. But this method cannot study how moral values are created and evolved and transformed over time. In this section, I will study the women’s rights movement in the 20th century. That is an interesting example because a social norm was transformed completely over some decades but also because it is still in different stages of transformation in different parts of the world.
It’s interesting to study how social norms initially were challenged by small groups ( normally different independent groups). And how their interactions with the rest of society eventually transformed a social norm in a bottom-up process. There are two important factors: Social conformity which pushes people to behave in a way society approves. But also group inclusion which means people accept norms of smaller groups (which might be at odds with social norms) to enter the group. In fact, it challenges the last stage of Kohlberg’s moral development which says some people reject social norms. People in fact exit from one group and enter another one with new group norms. That is what political scientists call the right to exit. From the evolutionary point of view that is a much better strategy to create a new group with new norms and try to expand that instead of trying to defeat a human trait called social conformity. The other strategy exploits this trait instead of rejecting that.
But then the interesting part of the women’s rights history happens in recent time. As I said it started as a bottom-up process but due to group inclusion other groups might accept this norm in a top-down process. The best example is Bin Salman; a top-down moral transformation due to group inclusion.
The construction of morality is not the point of this article but I will need it when I discuss human rights and then the far right movements later on. That will be one of the examples to show extremely complex and often conflicting social environment might lead to the evolution of traits with mixed consequences. And then I will discuss cultural/technological evolution at the end.
I will write a sketch of the whole article and send it to a few professors and scholars for co-authorship.

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